With their large flower heads, artichokes are small eye-catchers in the garden. To make them eye-catchers, you only need to water and fertilize them properly.Artichokes need a lot of water Artichokes (Cynara scolymus) have a great need for water and nutrients. Especially at the beginning, the thistle-like plants need a lot of water. Artichokes are also strong consumers. So you need a lot of nutrients right from the start. The only questions left are: When is the best time to water the plants? Which casting technique should you use? And which fertilizer is good for artichokes?
Always water artichokes in abundance
Artichokes require large amounts of water. This is especially true in the growing phase and during the heat in the summer months. You should always keep the root area of artichokes slightly moist. The plant only tolerates when the surface of the soil dries a little. It is therefore better to water more often, but a little less than rarely and in large quantities.
Although the artichokes need a lot of water, they are sensitive to waterlogging, which can cause root rot. Therefore, always make sure that there are no standing pools after watering. The precise amount of water depends primarily on the soil in which the artichokes are rooted. With well-water-retaining soil with a high proportion of clay, the need is significantly lower than, for example, in loose, permeable garden soil.
Watering rhizomes or sprinkling artichokes?
The best time to water your artichokes is in the morning and evening hours. If you water in the morning in sunny weather, it does not matter whether you sprinkle the plants over a large area or provide the rhizomes with water. Moisture that has settled on the leaves evaporates within a few hours. When watering in the evening, however, you should always give the water close to the ground. Because water that remains on the leaves at night favors the settlement of fungi and other pathogens.
Pour with tap water or rain water?
Artichokes have no problems with lime, so you can use tap and rain water to water them. If the plants are on a more acidic soil, tap water is even preferable because the lime or calcium carbonate contained has a neutralizing effect.
Fertilize artichokes regularly
Artichokes are among the top feeders that are characterized by high nutrient requirements. So you have to fertilize the plants regularly from the beginning of the growing season until harvest. Use a commercially available vegetable fertilizer, which you add to the irrigation water every four to five weeks according to the dosage recommendations of the manufacturer. In addition, you can enrich the soil with nutrient-rich substrate such as mature compost before planting the artichokes.