Cucumbers are very popular in summer, especially from their own garden. The selection of cucumber varieties is huge. The most popular varieties and their properties are presented here.
Cucumbers from your own garden are something nice. The aroma is much more intense and the bowl, in which most of the vitamins are, can be eaten without hesitation. (Reading tip: Are cucumbers healthy?)
If you want to grow cucumbers in your garden, you are spoiled for choice. There are countless varieties and new varieties keep coming onto the market.
With cucumbers, a basic distinction is made between snake cucumbers, cucumbers and pickled and peeled cucumbers. Snake cucumbers are the long fruits that we also know from the vegetable section of supermarkets. Most of these are grown in the greenhouse. (Reading tip: growing snake cucumbers - instructions for greenhouse & field)
The cucumber is particularly suitable for growing outdoors. Pickled cucumbers are primarily grown for subsequent pickling or canning, so that they remain long-lasting. Today we would like to briefly introduce a few popular varieties for growing in the garden.
The most popular types of cucumber at a glance
❀ The F1 hybrid varieties
Hybrids are suitable for crossings. The 1 behind the F stands for the first generation. You cross two types of cucumber to combine the positive properties of both. This usually results in varieties that are much more robust and resistant and also deliver even higher yields. Among these bitter-free cucumber varieties are the following in particular:
- Moneta and
Moneta is a medium-early and bitter-free cucumber for outdoors. You can sow them directly in the field from mid-May or you can grow them in pots or in the cold frame from April. (Reading tip: picking cucumbers - advantages & instructions presented) This variety prefers a sunny location with humus-rich, nutritious and loose soil. The fruits are about 40 cm long and are best consumed raw.
This variety is definitely one of the best pickles for the garden. Even when the weather is cool and wet, the plant produces seedless fruits, every flower bears fruit. The bitter-free variety is also resistant to viruses, scabies and mildew. From mid-May, the seeds can be planted directly in the bed. From early April, a pre-culture in the cold frame or on the windowsill is possible. This variety is also suitable for the greenhouse.
This small greenhouse cucumber with dark green fruits up to 16 cm long is also very productive. A single plant can produce up to 40 fruits in one season, the long harvest period is one of the plus points. The fruits are bitter-free and resistant to mildew and scabies. It is recommended to refine this variety on the fig leaf pumpkin. (Reading tip: refining cucumbers - this is how it's done)
❀ Bidretta F1
This is a robust pickle with firm fruit and slim growth. The bitter-free, medium-early variety thrives even in very bad weather and is resistant to scabies and mosaic disease. Sowing directly in the open from mid-May. The site should be sheltered from the wind and sunny with loose soil that is rich in humus and nutrients.
❀ Diamond F1
This medium late variety is a wonderful vinegar and pickle and is completely bitter-free. The fruits have a shiny surface and are a maximum of 9 cm long. The fruits are resistant to powdery mildew and can be harvested from August to October. Pre-cultivation can take place in pots from April, sowing outdoors from mid-May. The soil should be loose and nutritious, the plant needs a lot of sun and warmth.
This variety is an ideal gherkin and pickle that contains a lot of minerals. The cucumbers are bitter-free and robust against mildew. Sowing can take place directly into the bed from mid-May. The location must be protected from the wind and in full sun, the variety needs a humus-rich subsoil. If the fruits are harvested early, the yield increases. Sowing must be kept warm and provided with plenty of stale water in dry weather.
❀ Restina F1
This Quedlinburg new breed is free of bitter substances and resistant to powdery mildew and other diseases. The early ripening variety is an ideal pickle and surprises with a very high yield. From April you can start pre-growing in pots, otherwise from mid-May sow directly in the garden. During the growth phase, you should provide the plants with plenty of water and keep adding fertilizers. You should harvest twice a week because the harvesting period is very long.
This variety with medium-length fruits is suitable as a cucumber or pickle. You can start pre-cultivation in the cold frame or in pots in April, from mid-May the young plants can then go into the garden. The soil must be warm and loose, and it must also contain a lot of humus and nutrients. It is best to fill the planting holes with compost. The harvest takes place in summer until autumn.
❀ Chinese snakes
These long and slender cucumbers can be sown outdoors from mid-May or you can opt for pre-cultivation on the windowsill or in the cold frame. The soil must be warm, rich in humus, nutritious and nice and loose, put compost in the planting holes. In summer you should water a lot and give a liquid fertilizer. (Reading tip: pour cucumbers - you should note this) The fruits reach a length of up to 40 cm and are especially recommended as raw food.
❀ Flamingo F1
This hybrid is bitter-free and resistant to mildew, scabies and leaf blotch. Each flower of this house cucumber is fruitful, the fruits reach a length of up to 35 cm. You can plant the seeds in pots from the end of February. It is best to use a humus-rich seed soil. The plants must be watered and fertilized profusely, the best way to tie the shoots to a grid. (Reading tip: fertilize cucumbers - How to increase your yield) It is advisable to transplant the plants to low dams after four to six weeks.
❀ Saladin F1
Another bitter-free house cucumber is the Saladin F1 variety, which is particularly productive. The fruits reach a length of about 35 cm and grow very quickly. However, this variety is only suitable for growing in a greenhouse or under film. The plants are preferred in the pot from February. The need for water and fertilizer is very high with this variety.
❀ Tanja F1
This cucumber is completely free of bitter substances and is up to 40 cm long. Yields can be expected very early and the harvesting period is very long. From mid-May, direct sowing into the bed takes place, from April you can move forward in pots. This variety needs a sunny place with humus-rich, loose and nutritious soil. In summer she needs plenty of water and a good full fertilizer on a regular basis. The harvest can then take place between July and September.
❀ Excelsior F1
This refined, bitter-free variety is equally suitable as a pickle and cucumber. It is resistant to mildew and scabies and can also be grown in the greenhouse. The fruits are slightly prickly, but have a very special aroma.
❀ Sonja cucumber
The cucumber Sonja is a very robust free-range and box cucumber, which is absolutely bitter-free and produces fruits up to 35 cm long. You can grow it well as an organic cucumber because it is extremely resistant. The cucumber can also be grown well in the greenhouse. It needs a warm, loose soil that is rich in nutrients. The location should be sunny. You should tie the shoots upwards on a grid so that the fruits can grow better. Sowing takes place directly in the open from mid-May, harvesting then takes place between July and October.
one should especially rely on bitter-free varieties that are not susceptible to powdery mildew.